Publicado oct 3, 2011


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Luis Eduardo Nieto

Luis Manuel Alejandro Acosta

Miguel Andrés Bedoya

Vanesa Tapias



Introducción. Las quemaduras son un importante problema de salud, en especial en los países en vía de desarrollo, y presentan múltiples condiciones de morbilidad con altos porcentajes de mortalidad por procesos infecciosos.

Desarrollo. Se hizo una búsqueda de la literatura médica disponible, con el objetivo de llegar a conclusiones acerca de la profilaxis antibiótica en el paciente con quemaduras.

Conclusiones. Los antibióticos profilácticos reducen todas las causas de mortalidad en pacientes de la unidad de cuidado intensivo y en pacientes con quemaduras; administrados en las primeras dos semanas, reducen la mortalidad cerca a la mitad. Infortunadamente, la información disponible es insuficiente y estas medidas no se pueden generalizar. La profilaxis perioperatoria reduce la infección de las áreas quemadas, pero no la mortalidad, y los antibióticos tópicos aplicados en las lesiones disminuyen las tasas de infección y colonización bacteriana en algunos grupos etarios. Es necesario aportar nuevos y sólidos datos.


antibiotic prophylaxis, burns, infection, mortality, profilaxis antibiótica, quemaduras, infección, mortalidad,

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Cómo citar
Nieto, L. E., Acosta, L. M. A., Bedoya, M. A., & Tapias, V. (2011). Profilaxis antibiótica en quemaduras. Universitas Medica, 52(4), 399–408.
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