##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##


Ángel Alberto Valdés-Cuervo http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6559-4151

Jesús Tánori-Quintana http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6485-2267

Teresa Iveth Sotelo-Quiñonez http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4541-0850

José Alán Ochoa-Arreola http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8105-9615

Resumen

El contexto escolar previene el acoso escolar. El estudio analizó las relaciones entre las prácticas docentes de intervención directa, la seguridad, el clima escolar y el acoso entre estudiantes. La muestra se compone de 291 estudiantes con edades entre 9 y 13 años (M = 10.94, DE = 2.77) de 17 escuelas primarias de un estado de México. Los resultados de la regresión lineal sugieren que las prácticas de intervención directa, la seguridad y un clima escolar positivo disminuyen el acoso. Se concluye que las variables involucradas en el estudio previenen el acoso. Finalmente, se discuten implicaciones de los hallazgos.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Violencia, escuela, acoso, papel del docente

References
Aguilera-García, María Antonieta; Muñoz-Abundez, Gustavo & OrozcoMartínez, Adriana (2007). Disciplina, violencia y consumo de sustancias nocivas a la salud en escuelas primarias y secundarias mexicanas. Ciudad de México: Instituto Nacional para la Evaluación de la Educación, INEE. Disponible en: http://www.prevenciondelaviolencia.org/system/files/recursos/35_disciplina_violencia_y_consumo.pdf

Ahmed, Eliza (2001). Shame Management: Regulating Bullying. En Eliza Ahmed, Nathan Harris, John Braithwaite & Valerie Braithwaite (eds.). Shame Management through Reintegration, 221-314. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. Disponible en: http://johnbraithwaite.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Shame-Management-through-Reint.pdf

Akalin, Selma & Sucuoglu, Bulbin (2015). Effects of Classroom Management Intervention Based on Teacher Training and Performance Feedback on Outcomes of Teacher-Student Dyads in Inclusive Classrooms. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 15 (3), 739-758. http://dx.doi.org/10.12738/estp.2015.3.2543. Disponible en: http://www.estp.com.tr/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/ESTPApril2015_739_758.pdf

Alfaro-Molina, Ivannia; Kenton-Paniagua, Karen & Leiva-Díaz, Viriam (2010). Conocimientos y percepciones del profesorado sobre violencia en los centros educativos públicos. Enfermería Actual en Costa Rica, 18, 1-10. Disponible en: www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=44817860001

Álvarez-García, David; García, Trinidad & Núñez, José Carlos (2015). Predictors of School Bullying Perpetration in Adolescence: a Systematic Review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 23, 126-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.05.007

American Educational Research Association, AERA (2013). Prevention of Bullying in Schools, Colleges, and Universities. Research Report and Recommendations. Washington, DC: AERA. Disponible en: https://www.aera.net/Portals/38/docs/News%20Release/Prevention%20of%20Bullying%20in%20Schools,%20Colleges%20and%20Universities.pdf

Bauman, Sheri & Del Río, Adrienne (2005). Knowledge and Beliefs about Bullying in Schools Comparing Pre-Service Teachers in the United States and the United Kingdom. School Psychology International, 26 (4), 428-442. DOI 10.1177/0143034305059019

Blunch, Niels J. (2013). Introduction to Structural Equation Modeling Using IBM SPSS Statistics and AMOS (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Bosworth, Kris & Judkins, Maryann (2014). Tapping into the Power of School Climate to Prevent Bullying: One Application of School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports. Theory Into Practice, 53 (4), 300-307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00405841.2014.947224

Boulton, Michael J. (2014). Teachers' Self-Efficacy, Perceived Effectiveness Beliefs, and Reported Use of Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches to Bullying among Pupils: Effects of In-Service Training with the I DECIDE Program. Behavior Therapy, 45 (3), 328-343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2013.12.004

Burger, Christoph; Strohmeier, Dagmar; Spröber, Nina; Bauman, Sheri & Rigby, Ken (2015). How Teachers Respond to School Bullying: An Examination of Self-Reported Intervention Strategy Use, Moderators, and Concurrent Use Multiple Strategies. Teaching and Teacher Education, 51, 191-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2015.07.004

Byrne, Barbara M. (2010). Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS. Basic concepts, applications, and programming (2nd ed.). New York, New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Caravita, Simona C. S.; Blasio, Paola di & Salmivalli, Christina (2009). Unique and Interactive Effects of Empathy and Social Status on Involvement in Bullying. Social Development, 18 (1), 140-163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2008.00465.x

Carrillo-Navarro, José Claudio; Prieto-Quezada, María Teresa & Jiménez-Mora, José (2013). Bullying, violencia entre pares en escuelas de México. En Alfredo Furlán-Malamud & Terry Carol SpitzerSchwartz (eds.). Convivencia, disciplina y violencia en las escuelas 2002-2011, 223-260. México: Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Educación Superior en México, Consejo Mexicano de Investigación Educativa, ANUIES/COMIE.

Cava, María Jesús; Musitu, Gonzalo; Buelga, Sofia & Murgui, Sergio (2010). The Relationships of Family and Classroom Environments with Peer Relational Victimization: An Analysis of their Gender Differences. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 13 (1), 156-165.

Cerezo-Ramírez, Fuensanta & Ato-García, Manuel (2010). Social Status, Classroom Climate and Bullying among Adolescent Pupils. Anales de Psicología, 26 (1), 137-144. Disponible en: http://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/view/92131/88721

Cohen, Jonathan; McCabe, Elizabeth M.; Michelli, Nichollas M. & Pickeral, Terry (2009). School Climate: Research, Policy, Practice and Teacher Education. Teacher College Record, 111 (1), 180-213. Disponible en: http://ww.ijvs.org/files/Publications/School-Climate.pdf

Collie, Rebecca J.; Shapka, Jennifer D. & Perry, Nancy E. (2011). Predicting Teacher Commitment: the Impact of School Climate and Social-Emotional Learning. Psychology in the Schools, 48 (10), 1034-1048. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ pits.20611

Cornell, Dewey & Bradshaw, Catherine P. (2015). From a Culture of Bullying to a Climate of Support: The Evolution of Bullying Prevention and Research. School Psychology Review, 44 (4), 499-503. http://dx.doi.org/10.17105/spr-15-0127.1

Ellis, Alicia A. & Shute, Rosalyn (2007). Teacher Responses to Bullying in Relation to Moral Orientation and Seriousness of Bullying. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77 (3), 649-663. http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/000709906X163405

Fekkes, Minne; Pijpers, Frans I. M. & Verloove-Vanhorick, S. Pauline (2005). Bullying: Who Does What, When and Where? Involvement of Children, Teachers and Parents in Bullying Behavior. Health Education Research, 20 (1), 81-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/cyg100. Disponible en: https://academic.oup.com/her/article/20/1/81/632611

Flaspohler, Paul D.; Elfstrom, Jennifer L.; Vanderzee, Karin L.; Sink, Holli E. & Birchmeier, Zachary (2009). Stand by Me: The Effects of Peer and Teacher Support in Mitigating the Impact of Bullying on Quality of Life. Psychology in the Schools, 46 (7), 636-649. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pits.20404

Furlong, Michael J.; Greif, Jennifer L.; Bates, Michael P.; Whipple, Angela D.; Jiménez, Terese C. & Morrison, Richard (2005). Development of the California School Climate and Safety Survey-Short Form. Psychology in the School, 42 (2), 137-149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pits.20053

García-Cabrero, Benilde (2012). Consolidar las reformas de la educación básica en México. Una asignatura pendiente. Perfiles Educativos, 34 (número especial), 47-56. Disponible en: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=13229959005

García-Cabrero, Benilde; Loredo-Enríquez, Javier & Carranza-Peña, Guadalupe (2008). Análisis de la práctica educativa de los docentes: pensamiento, interacción y reflexión. Revista Electrónica de Investigación Educativa, número especial, 1-15. Disponible en: https://redie.uabc.mx/redie/article/view/200/345

Hanish, Laura D. & Guerra, Nancy G. (2000). Children Who Get Victimized at School: What Is Known? What Can Be Done? Professional School Counseling, 4 (2), 113-119. Disponible en: http://ace.ucr.edu/people/nancy_guerra/nancy_pdfs/children%20who%20get%20victimized%20at%20school%20what%20do%20we%20know.pdf

Haro-Solís, Israel & García-Cabrero, Benilde (2014). Variables emocionales y sociomorales asociadas con el tipo de rol que asumen los alumnos y alumnas en el maltrato entre iguales. Apuntes de Psicología, 32 (1), 15-23. Disponible en: http://www.apuntesdepsicologia.es/index.php/revista/article/view/482/382

Haro-Solís, Israel; García-Cabrero, Benilde & ReidlMartínez, Lucy María (2013). Experiencias de culpa y vergüenza en situaciones de maltrato entre iguales en secundaria. Revista Mexicana de Investigación Educativa, 18 (59), 1047-1075. Disponible en http://www.comie.org.mx/documentos/rmie/v18/n059/pdf/59002.pdf

Harris, Sandy; Petrie, Garth & Willoughby, William (2002). Bullying among 9th Graders: An Exploratory Study. NASSP Bulletin, 86 (630), 3-14.

Houndoumadi, Anastasia & Pateraki, Lena (2001). Bullying and Bullies in Greek Elementary Schools: Pupils' Attitudes and Teachers'/Parents' Awareness. Educational Review, 53 (1), 19-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00131910120033619

Hymel, Shelley & Swearer, Susan M. (2015). Four Decades of Research School Bullying. An Introduction. American Psychologist, 70 (4), 293-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038928

Jungert, Tomas; Piroddi, Barbara & Thornberg, Robert (2016). Early Adolescents' Motivations to Defend Victims in School Bullying and their Perception of Student-Teacher Relationships: A Self-Determination Theory. Journal of Adolescence, 53, 75-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.09.001

Kahn, Jeffrey H.; Jones, Jayme L. & Wieland, Amy L. (2012). Preservice Teachers' Coping Styles and their Responses to Bullying. Psychology in the Schools, 49, 784-793. DOI:10.1002/pits.21632

Kilian, Janet M.; Fish, Marian C. & Maniago, Erica B. (2007). Making Schools Safe: A System-Wide School Intervention to Increase Student Prosocial Behavior and Enhance School Climate. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 23, 1-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J370v23n01_01. Disponible en: https://psyc526final.wikispaces.com/file/view/Making+Schools+Safe+a+system+wide+school+intervention+to+increase+student+prosocial+behaviors+and+enhance+school+climate.pdf

Kochenderfer-Ladd, Becky & Pelletier, Marie E. (2008). Teachers' Views and Belief about Bullying: Influences on Classroom Management Strategies and Students' Coping with Peer Victimization. Journal of School Psychology, 46 (4), 431-453. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsp.2007.07.005

Kokkinos, Constantinos & Panayiotou, Georgia (2004). Predicting Bullying and Victimization among Early Adolescents: Associations with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Aggressive Behavior, 30 (6), 520-533. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.20055

Loukas, Alexandra & Murphy, Jonna L. (2007). Middle School Student Perceptions of School Climate: Examining Protective Functions on Subsequent Adjustment Problems. Journal of School Psychology, 45 (3), 293-309. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2006.10.001

Madrid-López, Esthela Jacqueline; Valdés-Cuervo, Ángel Alberto & Vera-Noriega, José Ángel (2015). Diferencias en los estilos de afrontamiento de estudiantes víctimas y no involucrados en el bullying. Ponencia presentada en el XIII Congreso Nacional de Investigación Educativa, Chihuahua, Consejo Mexicano de Investigación Educativa, COMIE. Disponible en: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289991832_Diferencias_en_los_estilos_de_afrontamiento_de_estudiantes_victimas_y_no_involucrados_en_el_bullying

Mehta, Sharmila; Cornell, Dewey; Fan, Xitao & Gregory, Anne (2013). Bullying Climate and School Engagement in Ninth-Grade Students. Journal of School Health, 83 (1), 45-52. DOI: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2012.00746.x

Meltzer, Howard; Vostanis, Panos; Ford, Tamsin Jane; Bebbington, Paul E. & Dennis, Michael Stuart (2011). Victims of Bullying in Childhood and Suicide Attempts in Adulthood. European Psychiatry, 26, 498-502. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.11.006

México (2011). Acuerdo 592, por el que se establece la Articulación de la Educación Básica. Diario Oficial de la Federación, 19 de agosto de 2011. Disponible en: https://www.sep.gob.mx/work/models/sep1/Resource/9721849d-666e-48b7-8433-0eec1247f1ab/a592.pdf

Meyer-Adams, Nancy & Conner, Bradley T. (2008). School Violence: Bullying Behaviors and the Psychosocial School Environment in Middle Schools. Children & Schools, 30 (4), 211-221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cs/30.4.211

Muñoz-Abundez, Gustavo (2008). Violencia en México y en otros países. Comparaciones a partir de los resultados del Instituto Nacional para la Evaluación de la Educación. Revista Mexicana de Investigación Educativa, 13 (39), 1195-1228. Disponible en: http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/140/14003908.pdf

Nation, Maury; Vieno, Alessio; Perkins, Douglas D. & Santinello, Massimo (2008). Bullying in School and Adolescence Sense of Empowerment: An Analysis of Relationships with Parents, Friends, and Teachers. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 18, 211-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.10 02/casp.921. Disponible en: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/casp.921/pdf

Nickerson, Amanda B. & Martens, Matthew P. (2008). School Violence: Associations with Control, Security/Enforcement, Educational/Therapeutic Approaches, and Demographic Factors. School Psychology Review, 37 (2), 228-243. Disponible en: http://209-197-41-56.unassigned.ntelos.net/images/stories/library/Stennett_Psychology_Articles/School%20Violence%20-%20Associations%20with%20Control%20Security-Enforcement%20Education-Therapeutic%20Approaches%20%20Demographic%20Factors.pdf

Nickerson, Amanda B. & Spears, William H. (2007). Influences on Authoritarian and Educational/Therapeutic Approaches to School Violence Prevention. Journal of School Violence, 6 (4), 3-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J202v06n04_02

O'Brennan, Lindsey M.; Bradshaw, Catherine & Sawyer, Anne L. (2009). Examining Developmental Differences in the Social-Emotional Problems among Frequent Bullies, Victims, and Bully/Victims. Psychology in the Schools, 46 (2), 100-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pits.20357. Disponible en: https://psyc525final.wikispaces.com/file/view/Examining+development+differences+in+the+social-emotional+problems+among+frequent+bullies,+victimes,+and+bully-victims.pdf

Olweus, Dan (2011). Bullying at School and Later Criminality: Finding from Three Swedish Community Samples of Males. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 21 (2), 151-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbm.806

Osher, David; Dwyer, Kevin P.; Jimerson, Shane R. & Brown, Jacqueline A. (2012). Developing Safe, Supportive, and Effective Schools: Facilitating Student Success to Reduce School Violence. En Shane R. Jimerson, Amanda B. Nickerson, Matthew J. Mayer & Michael J. Furlong (eds.). Handbook of School Violence and School Safety, 27-44. 2nd ed. New York, New York: Taylor & Francis. Disponible en: https://www.nycourts.gov/ip/justiceforchildren/PDF/NYS%20Summit-Additional%20Resources/P7%20-%20Developing%20Safe%20Supportive%20and%20Effective%20Schools.pdf

Rigby, Ken (2003). Consequences of Bullying in Schools. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48 (9), 583-590.

Salmivalli, Christina & Nieminen, Eija (2002). Proactive and Reactive Aggression among School Bullies, Victims and Bully-Victims. Aggressive Behavior, 28 (1), 30-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.90004

Salmivalli, Christina & Voeten, Marinus (2004). Connections between Attitudes, Group Norms, and Behaviour in Bullying Situations. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28 (3), 246-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01650250344000488

Sangsue, J. & Vorpe, G. (2004). Influences professionnelles et personnelles du climat scolaire chez les enseignants et les élèves. Psychologie du Travail et des Organizations, 10 (4), 341-354.

Shelton, Andrea J.; Owens, Emiel W. & Song, Holim (2009). An Examination of Public School Safety Measures across Geographic Setting. Journal of School Health, 79 (1), 24-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00370.x

Stephens, Paul (2011). Preventing and Confronting School Bullying: A Comparative Study of Two National Programmes in Norway. British Educational Research Journal, 37 (3), 381-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01411921003692868

Swearer, Susan M. & Hymel, Shelley (2015). Understanding the Psychology of Bullying. Moving toward a Social-Ecological Diathesis-Stress Model. American Psychologist, 70 (4), 344-353. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038929. Disponible en: https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/amp-a0038929.pdf

Swearer, Susan M.; Espegale, Dorothy L.; Koenig, Brian; Berry, Brandi; Collins, Adam & Lembeck, Paige (2012). A Social-Ecological Model for Bullying Prevention and Intervention in Early Adolescence. En Shane R. Jimerson, Amanda B. Nickerson, Matthew J. Mayer & Michael J. Furlong (eds.). Handbook of School Violence and School Safety, 333-355. 2nd ed. New York, New York: Routledge.

Thomas, Duane E. & Bierman, Karen L. (2006). The Impact of Classroom Aggression on the Development of Aggressive Behavior Problems in Children. Development Psychopathology, 18, 471-487. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579406060251. Disponible en: https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1178&context=gse_pubs

Trianes-Torres, María Victoria; Blanca-Mena, María José; Morena-Fernández, María Luisa de la; Infante-Cañete, Lidia & Raya, S. (2006). Un cuestionario para evaluar el clima escolar del Centro Escolar. Psicothema, 18 (2), 272-277. Disponible en: http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/3209.pdf

Valdés-Cuervo, Ángel Alberto; Bautista-Hernández, Gildardo; Vera-Noriega, José Ángel & HerreraMateos, Juan Carlos (2013). Variables que diferencian a estudiantes de secundaria con y sin reportes de bullying en la escuela. Psicología Iberoamericana, 21 (1), 32-41. Disponible en: http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/1339/133929862005.pdf

Valdés-Cuervo, Ángel Alberto & Carlos-Martínez, Ernesto Alonso (2014). Relación entre el autoconcepto social, el clima familiar y el clima escolar con el bullying en estudiantes de secundarias. Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana, 32 (3), 443-453. http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/apl32.03.2014.07. Disponible en: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/apl/article/view/apl32.03.2014.07

Valdés-Cuervo, Ángel Alberto; Martínez-Ferrer, Belén & Carlos-Martínez, Ernesto Alonso (2018). El rol de las prácticas docentes en la prevención de la violencia escolar entre pares. Revista de Psicodidáctica, 23 (1), 33-38. Disponible en: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1136103417301041

Wang, Cixin; Berry, Brandi & Swearer, Susan M. (2013). The Critical Role of School Climate in Effective Bullying Prevention. Theory Into Practice, 52 (4), 296-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00405841.2013.829735. Disponible en: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272017571_The_Critical_Role_of_School_Climate_in_Effective_Bullying_Prevention

Wei, Hsi-Sheng; Williams, James Herbert; Chen, Ji-Kang & Chang, Hsiu-Yu (2010). The Effects of Individual Characteristic, Teacher Practice, and School Organizational Factor on Students' Bullying: A Multilevel Analysis of Public Middle Schools in Taiwan. Children and Youth Services Review, 32 (1), 137-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.08.004

Whitted, Kathryn Suzanne & Dupper, David R. (2005). Best Practices for Preventing or Reducing Bullying in Schools. Child & School, 27 (3), 167-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cs/27.3.167

Yoon, Jina S. & Kerber, Karen (2003). Bullying: Elementary Teachers' Attitudes and Intervention Strategies. Research in Education, 69, 27-35. Disponible en: http://www.haghish.com/talk/anova/Bullying.pdf
Cómo citar
Valdés-Cuervo, Ángel, Tánori-Quintana, J., Sotelo-Quiñonez, T., & Ochoa-Arreola, J. (2018). Prácticas docentes, clima social, seguridad escolar y violencia entre estudiantes. Magis, Revista Internacional De Investigación En Educación, 10(21), 109-120. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.m10-21.pdcs
Sección
Artículos
Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a