Publicado May 13, 2022



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Elizabeth Díaz Cuesta https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9886-6942

Luz Astrid Celis Castañeda https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9327-4777

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Resumen

Introduction: Newborns weighing less than 1500 grams present extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) at hospital discharge in 40% to 90% and this is associated with increased morbidity. Objective: To describe the prevalence of EUGR and associated risk factors in newborns weighing less than 1500 grams at birth. Methods: Cross-sectional study with analytical component, which included neonates weighing less than 1500 grams, born in the institution between December 2015 and June 2020. Results: 128 patients with birth weight of 1,216 ± 207.8 grams and gestational age of 30 ± 2.3 weeks were identified. At hospital discharge 44.5% had EUGR, 56.1% of which were born with low weight for gestational age; 27/57 were classified as EUGR in severe category; 22.7% required pulmonary surfactant at birth and 84.2% presented bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Conclusions: The prevalence of EUGR at discharge in our unit is high and higher in low birth weight neonates who were 10 times more at risk. The use of surfactant was a protective factor.

Keywords

restricción del crecimiento extrauterino, retardo del crecimiento post natal, muy bajo peso al nacer.

References
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Cómo citar
Díaz Cuesta, E., & Celis Castañeda, L. A. (2022). Prevalencia de la restricción de crecimiento extrauterino y factores de riesgo asociados en recién nacidos con peso menor de 1500 gramos en una unidad de cuidado intensivo neonatal de Bogotá (Colombia). Universitas Medica, 63(2). https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.umed63-2.prce
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