Estrategias no farmacológicas en el paciente clínicamente enfermo, ¿qué nos dice la literatura?

Julián Andrés Sucerquia Quintero



En el paciente médicamente enfermo, las intervenciones farmacológicas o psicoterapéuticas habituales caen en desuso por particularidades propias de la hospitalización y la comorbilidad física; por ello se hace necesario identificar diferentes estrategias que permitan incidir benéficamente en la calidad de vida de este grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión narrativa de la literatura que permita identificar estrategias terapéuticas que hayan demostrado efectividad en el proceso de este grupo de pacientes. Metodología: Revisión narrativa de literatura. Resultados: Se identificaron 10 corrientes terapéuticas no farmacológicas que han demostrado mejoría en indicadores como percepción de dolor, mejoría en calidad de vida, regulación de alteraciones del patrón de sueño, fatiga, en el contexto de pacientes con enfermedad crónica, que puede encontrarse en entornos tan diversos como son los pacientes de oncología o de las unidades de dolor crónico. Conclusiones: Las intervenciones no farmacológicas han demostrado efectividad en el control de síntomas físicos y emocionales en pacientes con enfermedad crónica y son herramientas con las que debe contar el profesional en salud mental.

Palabras clave

relajación;cáncer;dolor crónico.

Texto completo:



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