Publicado May 7, 2014



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Álvaro Ruiz Morales

Patricia Hidalgo Martínez

Sandra I. Sánchez Mejía

Ana H. Perea Bello

Juan Camilo Segura Salguero

Julián Chavarriaga Soto

Maury Valencia Peña

Catalina Rodríguez Salazar

Julio A. Ruiz Delgado

Laura Catalina Chaparro de Reyes

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Resumen

El objetivo de este artículo es revisar la importancia del síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS) en la población que va a ser llevada a cirugía y cómo detectar en el preoperatorio a pacientes con riesgo elevado de complicaciones en el perioperatorio mediante el cuestionario STOP-BANG. Para lo anterior, se realizó una búsqueda en las bases Pubmed, Science y SciELO. El SAHOS es un problema médico importante con prevalencia variable (hasta el 26 % en la población general dependiendo del centro donde se evalúe). Es una enfermedad de inicio insidioso y progresivo, en la que hay episodios recurrentes de apneas o hipopneas causadas por obstrucción de la vía aérea superior durante el sueño que produce un deterioro significativo de la calidad de vida. Se quiere evaluar si el cuestionario STOP-BANG es útil para identificar, en el preoperatorio, a pacientes que tengan complicaciones perioperatorias, probablemente porque identifica pacientes con SAHOS no diagnosticado.

Keywords

apnea del sueño, complicaciones intraoperatorias, complicaciones postoperatorias, sleep apnea, intraoperative complications, postoperative complications,

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Cómo citar
Ruiz Morales, Álvaro, Hidalgo Martínez, P., Sánchez Mejía, S. I., Perea Bello, A. H., Segura Salguero, J. C., Chavarriaga Soto, J., Valencia Peña, M., Rodríguez Salazar, C., Ruiz Delgado, J. A., & Chaparro de Reyes, L. C. (2014). Síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS) y su relación con complicaciones perioperatorias: revisión de la literatura. Universitas Medica, 55(4), 407–423. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.umed55-4.saos
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